Welfare management in Morocco
coordinators: Béatrice Hibou and Zakaria Kadiri
Theme: Starting from the theme of welfare management, the group aims to examine social issues without reducing the latter to welfare state institutions or bureaucratic forms of interference within society, and without pitting against the state or the political system in place. In keeping with a Weberian tradition, the group aims to grasp “social welfare” through daily relations and interactions, always in flux, with no prejudgment regarding the configurations of society. Our interest lies in the plural forms of welfare and the ways it can be governed, with these plural forms reflecting not only the historical background specific to each and every situation under study, but also the diversity of referents underpinning the conception of the state and the power relations existing between different social groups.
Religion, State, and Society
Coordinator: Mohamed Tozy
Theme: This group aims to extend research conducted in the sociology of religion in Morocco over the last 30 years. It aims to examine the institutional mechanisms set up as part of the “restructuring of religious affairs” that followed the Tetouan address of 2005 and the constitutional reform of 2011. The group also intends to produce monographs on religious brotherhoods active in Morocco, as well as research the training of religious clerics that traditionally pertained to the private sphere, notably in rural areas (Msid and traditional medersas), and has undergone several reforms in recent years. Such research work will look at both organisational and funding modes and training programs.
Social anthropology of relations between nature, culture and environment in Morocco
Coordinator: Dominique Guillo
Theme: This research group examines profound changes which affect interaction with nature in Morocco today; an original research angle to account for deep changes presently taking place across Moroccan society, given that so-called ‘natural’ phenomena are today caught up in many social and cultural mutations. This is the case with climate change and its effect on ecosystems, social, economic and cultural change which in turn affect farming and tourism, the emergence of the sustainable development issue and environmental considerations in public space, heritage-making through nature with the creation of natural parks (forest, animal species, fossils), the emergence of new components in the construction of national memory, changes in mental representations and the place of animals in rural as well urban areas, the growing interpenetration of “human” space and “natural” space (urban and rural), discourses and practices regarding pollution and its fallout, water management, interferences from discourse on the environment spreading across a globalised world, etc…
Resistance, domination, and hegemonic discourse: subaltern archives
Coordinator: Roberto Beneduce
Theme: This research group aims to contribute to the elaboration of archives which bring together documents, experiences, accounts, narratives that will be for the moment called “counter-memory”, albeit with a meaning different from the meaning given to the expression by Foucault and Lipsitz.
Our archives are not conceived only as already given material places, even though exploring them is inevitable. They are conceived of as places to be constructed, borrowing from the model proposed by Derrida, Farge or Combe who suggested, among other things, the necessity to imagine other archives: repressed, suppressed, forgotten archives. Accordingly, our research focuses on the memory and experiences of “subaltern” groups and individuals, whose voices, and lives, are subjected to wide-ranging procedures of control, oversight, and censorship.
The ‘national’, remnants and heritage
Coordinator: Irene Bono
Theme: For any researcher involved in the study of the contemporary era, the ‘national’ is an empirical problem, even if it is not chosen as a primary object of study. It is often articulated with other phenomena that are qualified as ‘national’ – such as national population, national territory, national culture, national market, etc – without explaining what is meant by this qualifier. In other words, the ‘national’ is most often used as if it were a self-evident notion.
The research group has set itself two objectives. First, it aims to promote and take part in a more extensive reflection on sources through which a deeper understanding of the ‘national’ can be achieved. The notion of ‘remnants’ which often refers to something that has passed or is difficult to access, seems in this regard pertinent to identify the different sources which may provide insight on phenomena that underpin the ‘national’ but that remain marginal in the entrenched ways the ‘national’ is considered. Second, the group intends to promote research into what is at stake in ‘belonging’, power configurations and processes in political subjectivation that can be highlighted when analysing the ‘national’ through its remnants and heritage.
Combined approaches in economics and social science: new welfare state techniques in Africa
Coordinators: Said Hanchane and Boris Samuel
Theme: This research group focuses on planning tools used in social policies and techniques to target specific population groups, especially the ‘poor’, as the recipients of such policies. These are currently high-stake issues for economic science and management, insofar as the transformation of the techniques of public action results in the redefinition of the state and the transformation of approaches to government.
Student and graduate international mobility: trajectories, strategies and practices
Coordinators: Grazia Scarfò and Kamal Mellakh
Theme: According to recent OECD data, student mobility generally follows the south-north route, going from the poorest to the wealthiest countries. Nevertheless, new schooling and social dynamics are emerging due to changes in migration in the north and south, reforms in educational systems, the internationalisation of study programs and the diversification of geographical destinations, the mutation in professional sectors, and the movement of elites.
The research group proposes to examine these trends and dynamics to further address three questions:
- student mobility and internationalisation strategies: foreign degrees as assets
- processes in the construction of professional markets: when foreign degrees become a criteria to self-define and exclude
- international student mobility: studying in Eastern Europe from 1960 to the present